A brief introduction of the holy Quran
The holy Quran is the book descended upon the heart of the holy prophet Muhammad (SAW). The holy book comprises of 30 parts (paras) containing 114 surahs. It provides the Muslims with guiding principles to live their lives according to the commands of Allah Almighty. The holy Quran widely discusses all the aspects of life to let the Muslims understand what Allah requires of them. The past events of different nations have been brought under discussion in the holy book containing great wisdom for those who concentrate. (Tafseer e Quran).
The life of the holy prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the holy Quran
To understand the holy Quran with its true spirit; it is obligatory for every Muslim to study the life of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). In other words, the life of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is a practical example of the holy Quran. The holy book descended upon the heart of the Holy Prophet (SAW) within the span of twenty-three years. When an Ayah (verse of Quran) or a Surah descended upon the Prophet (SAW), he would interpret it on the spot. After the demise of the Prophet (SAW), the Sahabah (companions of the Prophet (SAW)) would pass on the interpretation of Quran orally. With time, it was direly needed to save the interpretation (tafseer) of the holy book in written form.
Some information about Tafseer e Quran (interpretation of the Holy Quran)
Tafseer is an Arabic word that means to interpret. The person who presents tafseer orally or in written form is called Mufasar. The holy Quran is the book of Allah Almighty; no one can change its words. A person who writes the Tafseer needs to be highly qualified in different disciplines of the holy Quran. Moreover, he is required to have command over the classic Arabic to understand and explain the true meaning of the Holy Quran’s words. To interpret the holy verses, the mufasir should have command over the following disciplines:
Knowledge of Islamic History
The holy verses of the holy Quran continued to descend upon the heart of the Holy Prophet (SAW) on different occasions; each verse (ayah) has a certain meaning in the historical context; no verse can be understood without knowing what the circumstances were when the certain verse was being descended. In other words, a Mufasir needs to be a great scholar of Islamic history.
Excellent command over the Arabic Grammar
The tafseer is written in accordance with the grammatical rules of the Arabic language. The Mufasir is required to have excellent command over Arabic grammar to understand the holy verses of the Holy Quran. Having judged the verses of the Holy Quran on the rules of Arabic grammar, the Mufasir writes the Tasir (interpretation) of the holy Quran.
The command over Classic Arabic
A great Muslim Scholar said that a person who believes in Allah and in the Day of Judgment should have excellent command over Classic Arabic to understand the holy verses of the Holy Quran. Having command over classical Arabic, the person can interpret the holy Quran.
Command over Islamic Jurisprudence
To write the Tafseer e Quran is not an easy task, the Mufasir is required to have command over Islamic jurisprudence (Asool-e-fiqa). In the holy Quran, Allah Almighty has described different Islamic laws and rules to be followed. The laws and rules are based on some principals completely defined by the great Muslims scholars of the past. The Mufasir is required to study those principles thoroughly. To interpret some certain verses of the holy Quran describing Islamic laws, the Mufasir should have command over Islamic Jurisprudence.
Vast Arabic Vocabulary
Arabic is the language with various meaning for a single word. In other words, it is a very rich language. A Mufasir is required to have vast Arabic vocabulary to understand the meaning of the words used in the Holy Quran. Sometimes the same word gives different meanings at different places; a Mufasir having vast Arabic vocabulary better understands the meaning of the word as per the situation. Sometimes, the meaning of the words changes with the twist of tongue; the Mufasir should also know how to pronounce a certain word accurately to clarify its correct meaning.
Command over the knowledge of Hadith
Hadith is the word of the Holy Prophet (SAW) other than the holy verses of the Holy Quran. The plural of Hadith is Ahadith. There are many kinds of Ahadith. The Ahadith are written as per the rules set by Muslim scholars. Many of the holy verses of the Holy Quran have been beautifully explained by the holy Prophet (SAW) in many of his Ahadith. The Hadith itself is the Tafseer of the Holy Quran indeed.
To understand the verses of the Holy Quran, a Mufasir is required to have command over principles that judge a Hadith for its vitality. Having studied and learned the principles on which the Hadith is formed, a Mufasir studies Ahadith completely. While interpreting the Holy Quran, the Mufasir keeps in view the knowledge of Ahadith.
Vast general knowledge and intact common sense
The holy Quran is the book of Allah Almighty with a great fund of knowledge of past present and the future. To interpret the Quran is not as easy as interpreting common books. The Quran contains words having great depth and wisdom. To understand them thoroughly is not the job of a person with a superficial knowledge; instead, a person who intends to interpret the holy Quran should have a vast general knowledge of the past and present.
Also, he should be aware of the futuristic development. While interpreting the holy Quran, his vast general knowledge helps him write beautifully and interestingly. The common sense of a Mufasir also helps him go in the depth of some certain meanings of the word; this is how the Mufasir collects the pearls of wisdom.
The tafseer e Quran is also taught online; My Quran Tutor is a similar website where the Quran is taught with translation and interpretation by the highly qualified teachers and scholars. The online Quran classes are conducted as per your set schedule of time. The services are available at reasonable charges.
Tafseer (interpretation) of the holy Quran helps a Muslim understand the verses of the Holy Quran in their true context. A person who interprets them needs to be highly qualified in discipline of the Holy Quran.