The Holy Book of Quran is the carrier of God’s message for the whole of mankind. Since the Quran was revealed on our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW), who lived all his life in Arab, the Quran was written in the Arabic language. In order to understand the speech of Allah through the Holy Quran, people especially those who are non-Arabs need to learn how to read Arabic.
Basically, tajweed is the skill of pronouncing the Arabic letters written in the Holy Quran in the most accurate, exact, and correct manner. This is an obligatory art to master if you’re a striving Muslim If you’re one, you cannot afford to distort or cause any disrespect to the Lord by reciting His said words in the wrong manner. It is recommended to start with Noorani Qaida especially if one is learning Quran online before one starts on the blissful journey of understanding the speech of Allah Subhan a Hu WA Ta’ala. The Noorani Qaida is an excellent source to learn the correct pronunciation of the Arabic words, the perfect inflection, and articulation of the words along with the correct Arabic accent.
Read along to know the fundamental rules of Tajweed:
- MATTERS OF THE HEART:
The first and foremost rule of Tajweed is the outlook of the person’s state of mind while reading the Holy Quran. The minute you open the Holy Book, your mind should steer clear of any and every thought that can interrupt the focus that the Holy speech demands.
- EXTRINSIC MATTERS:
This rule of Tajweed is concerned with the external matters of the reader. He/she’s body, clothes, and the surroundings as in the place where he/she is sitting must be pure and clean. Moreover, he/she should be facing the Qiblah at all times while reciting the Holy Quran.
The Quran is read in the “Fusha” Arabic dialect. For the right tajweed, Mukharij-ul-Huroof that is the right way of emitting letters through different points in the mouth, lips, and throat is important to learn.
The fourth rule of tajweed related to the manner of articulation of the Arabic words. The characteristic of the letters is called Sifaat-ul-Huroof and is, in fact, a critical requirement to recite the Holy Quran in the correct manner.
The fifth rule of Tajweed is concerned with the letter noon. The Noon Sakinah and tanween are vowels that produce a “nnn” sound right after they are read can be pronounced four ways. One should know where to use the right pronunciation of noon while reciting the Quran.
The sixth rule of Tajweed is related to meem. Meem Sakinah can be pronounced in three ways, hence while reciting Quran one should know where to use the suitable pronunciation.
This rule concerns prolongation while reciting the Holy Quran. This rule teaches us the number of beats that are pronounced when a Mudd letter comes after a vowel.
The letter laam is pronounced two ways depending on whether a letter after the “al” is Qamariyah (lunar) or Shamsiya (solar). This rule of tajweed refers to the way one should pronounce the letter laam during recitation.
- THICKNESS AND THINNESS:
This final rule of tajweed is concerned with the thickness (Tafkhim) and thinness (Tarqeeq) of the Arabic accent with which the Quran is recited.